100G QSFP28 LR4

100G QSFP28 LR4 is a 100Gb/s transceiver module designed for optical communication applications compliant to 100GBASE-LR4 of the IEEE P802.3ba standard. The module converts 4 input channels of 25Gb/s electrical data to 4 channels of LAN WDM optical signals and then multiplexes them into a single channel for 100Gb/s optical transmission. Reversely on the receiver side, the huihongfiber 100G QSFP28 LR4 de-multiplexes a 100Gb/s optical input into 4 channels of LAN WDM optical signals and then converts them to 4 output channels of electrical data.

100G-QSFP28-LR4 Features
Hot pluggable QSFP28 MSA form factor
Compliant to IEEE 802.3ba 100GBASE-LR4
Up to 10km reach for G.652 SMF
Single +3.3V power supply
Operating case temperature: 0~70oC
Transmitter: cooled 4x25Gb/s LAN WDM TOSA (1295.56, 1300.05, 1304.58, 1309.14nm)
Receiver: 4x25Gb/s PIN ROSA
4x28G Electrical Serial Interface (CEI-28G-VSR)
Maximum power consumption 4.0W
Duplex LC receptacle
RoHS-6 compliant

100G-QSFP28-LR4 Applications
100GBASE-LR4 Ethernet Links
Infiniband QDR and DDR interconnects
Client-side 100G Telecom connections

The central wavelengths of the 4 LAN WDM channels are 1295.56, 1300.05, 1304.58 and 1309.14 nm as members of the LAN WDM wavelength grid defined in IEEE 802.3ba. The high performance cooled LAN WDM EA-DFB transmitters and high sensitivity PIN receivers provide superior performance for 100Gigabit Ethernet applications up to 10km links and compliant to optical interface with IEEE802.3ba Clause 88 100GBASE-LR4 requirements.

The product is designed with form factor, optical/electrical connection and digital diagnostic interface according to the QSFP+ Multi-Source Agreement (MSA). It has been designed to meet the harshest external operating conditions including temperature, humidity and EMI interference.
Functional Description
The transceiver module receives 4 channels of 25Gb/s electrical data, which are processed by a 4- channel Clock and Data Recovery (CDR) IC that reshapes and reduces the jitter of each electrical signal. Subsequently, each of 4 EML laser driver IC’s converts one of the 4 channels of electrical signals to an optical signal that is transmitted from one of the 4 cooled EML lasers which are packaged in the Transmitter Optical Sub-Assembly (TOSA). Each laser launches the optical signal in specific wavelength specified in IEEE802.3ba 100GBASE-LR4 requirements. These 4lane optical signals will be optically multiplexed into a single fiber by a 4-to-1 optical WDM MUX. The optical output power of each channel is maintained constant by an automatic power control (APC) circuit. The transmitter output can be turned off by TX_DIS hardware signal and/or 2-wire serial interface.

The receiver receives 4-lane LAN WDM optical signals. The optical signals are demultiplexed by a 1-to-4 optical DEMUX and each of the resulting 4 channels of optical signals is fed into one of the 4 receivers that are packaged into the Receiver Optical

Sub-Assembly (ROSA). Each receiver converts the optical signal to an electrical signal. The regenerated electrical signals are retimed and de-jittered and amplified by the RX portion of the 4-channel CDR. The retimed 4-lane output electrical signals are compliant with IEEE CAUI-4 interface requirements. In addition, each received optical signal is monitored by the DOM section. The monitored value is reported through the 2-wire serial interface. If one or more received optical signal is weaker than the threshold level, RX_LOS hardware alarm will be triggered.

A single +3.3V power supply is required to power up this product. Both power supply pins VccTx and VccRx are internally connected and should be applied concurrently. As per MSA specifications the module offers 7 low speed hardware control pins (including the 2-wire serial interface): ModSelL, SCL, SDA, ResetL, LPMode, ModPrsL and IntL.

Module Select (ModSelL) is an input pin. When held low by the host, this product responds to 2-wire serial communication commands. The ModSelL allows the use of this product on a single 2-wire interface bus – individual ModSelL lines must be used.

Serial Clock (SCL) and Serial Data (SDA) are required for the 2-wire serial bus communication interface and enable the host to access the QSFP28 memory map.

The ResetL pin enables a complete reset, returning the settings to their default state, when a low level on the ResetL pin is held for longer than the minimum pulse length. During the execution of a reset the host shall disregard all status bits until it indicates a completion of the reset interrupt. The product indicates this by posting an IntL (Interrupt) signal with the Data_Not_Ready bit negated in the memory map. Note that on power up (including hot insertion) the module should post this completion of reset interrupt without requiring a reset.

Low Power Mode (LPMode) pin is used to set the maximum power consumption for the product in order to protect hosts that are not capable of cooling higher power modules, should such modules be accidentally inserted.

Module Present (ModPrsL) is a signal local to the host board which, in the absence of a product, is normally pulled up to the host Vcc. When the product is inserted into the connector, it completes the path to ground through a resistor on the host board and asserts the signal. ModPrsL then indicates its present by setting ModPrsL to a “Low” state.

Interrupt (IntL) is an output pin. “Low” indicates a possible operational fault or a status critical to the host system. The host identifies the source of the interrupt using the 2-wire serial interface. The IntL pin is an open collector output and must be pulled to the Host Vcc voltage on the Host board.
Transceiver Block Diagram
Figure 1. Transceiver Block Diagram

Pin Assignment and Description
Figure 2. MSA compliant Connector
Pin Definition

PIN Logic Symbol Name/Description Notes
1 GND Ground 1
2 CML-I Tx2n Transmitter Inverted Data Input
3 CML-I Tx2p Transmitter Non-Inverted Data output
4 GND Ground 1
5 CML-I Tx4n Transmitter Inverted Data Input
6 CML-I Tx4p Transmitter Non-Inverted Data output
7 GND Ground 1
8 LVTLL-I ModSelL Module Select
9 LVTLL-I ResetL Module Reset
10 VccRx +3.3V Power Supply Receiver 2
11 LVCMOS-I/O SCL 2-Wire Serial Interface Clock
12 LVCMOS-I/O SDA 2-Wire Serial Interface Data
13 GND Ground
14 CML-O Rx3p Receiver Non-Inverted Data Output
15 CML-O Rx3n Receiver Inverted Data Output
16 GND Ground 1
17 CML-O Rx1p Receiver Non-Inverted Data Output
18 CML-O Rx1n Receiver Inverted Data Output
19 GND Ground 1
20 GND Ground 1
21 CML-O Rx2n Receiver Inverted Data Output
22 CML-O Rx2p Receiver Non-Inverted Data Output
23 GND Ground 1
24 CML-O Rx4n Receiver Inverted Data Output 1
25 CML-O Rx4p Receiver Non-Inverted Data Output
26 GND Ground 1
27 LVTTL-O ModPrsL Module Present
28 LVTTL-O IntL Interrupt
29 VccTx +3.3 V Power Supply transmitter 2
30 Vcc1 +3.3 V Power Supply 2
31 LVTTL-I LPMode Low Power Mode
32 GND Ground 1
33 CML-I Tx3p Transmitter Non-Inverted Data Input
34 CML-I Tx3n Transmitter Inverted Data Output
35 GND Ground 1
36 CML-I Tx1p Transmitter Non-Inverted Data Input
37 CML-I Tx1n Transmitter Inverted Data Output
38 GND Ground 1


  1. GND is the symbol for signal and supply (power) common for the QSFP28 module. All are common within the module and all module voltages are referenced to this potential unless otherwise noted. Connect these directly to the host board signal common ground plane.
  2. VccRx, Vcc1 and VccTx are the receiving and transmission power suppliers and shall be applied concurrently. Recommended host board power supply filtering is shown in Figure 3 below. Vcc Rx, Vcc1 and Vcc Tx may be internally connected within the module in any combination. The connector pins are each rated for a maximum current of 1000mA.

Recommended Power Supply Filter
Figure 3. Recommended Power Supply Filter
Absolute Maximum Ratings
It has to be noted that the operation in excess of any individual absolute maximum ratings might cause permanent damage to this module.

Parameter Symbol Min Max Units Notes
Storage Temperature TS -40 85 degC
Operating Case Temperature TOP 0 70 degC
Power Supply Voltage VCC -0.5 3.6 V
Relative Humidity (non-condensation) RH 0 85 %
Damage Threshold, each Lane THd 5.5 dBm

Recommended Operating Conditions and Power Supply Requirements

Parameter Symbol Min Typical Max Units
Operating Case Temperature TOP 0 70 degC
Power Supply Voltage VCC 3.135 3.3 3.465 V
Data Rate, each Lane 25.78125 Gb/s
Control Input Voltage High 2 Vcc V
Control Input Voltage Low 0 0.8 V
Link Distance with G.652 D 0.002 10 km

Electrical Characteristics

The following electrical characteristics are defined over the Recommended Operating Environment unless otherwise specified.

Parameter Symbol Min Typical Max Units Notes
Power Consumption 4.0 W
Supply Current Icc 1.21 A
Transceiver Power-on

Initialization Time

2000 ms 1
Transmitter (each Lane)
Single-ended Input Voltage

Tolerance (Note 2)

-0.3 4.0 V Referred to TP1

signal common

Differential Input Voltage 15 mV RMS


  1. Power-on Initialization Time is the time from when the power supply voltages reach and remain above the minimum recommended operating supply voltages to the time when the module is fully functional.
  2. The single ended input voltage tolerance is the allowable range of the instantaneous input signals.

Optical Characteristics

Parameter Symbol Min Typical Max Unit Notes
Lane Wavelength L 1294.53 1295.56 1296.59 nm
L 1299.02 1300.05 1301.09 nm
L 1303.54 1304.58 1305.63 nm
L 1308.09 1309.14 1310.19 nm
Side Mode Suppression Ratio SMSR 3 dB
Total Average Launch Power PT 10.5 dBm
Average Launch Power,

each Lane

PAVG -4.3 4.5 dBm
OMA, each Lane POMA -1.3 4.5 dBm 1
Difference in Launch Power Ptx,diff 5 dB
between any Two Lanes (OMA)
Launch Power in OMA minus

Transmitter and Dispersion Penalty

(TDP), each Lane


TDP, each Lane TDP 2.2 dB
Extinction Ratio ER 4 dB
RIN20OMA RIN -130 dB/Hz
Optical Return Loss Tolerance TOL 20 dB
Transmitter Reflectance RT -12 dB
Eye Mask{X1, X2, X3, Y1, Y2, Y3} {0.25, 0.4, 0.45, 0.25, 0.28, 0.4} 2
Average Launch Power OFF

Transmitter, each Lane

Poff -30 dBm
Damage Threshold, each Lane THd 5. dBm 3
Total Average Receive Power 10.5 dBm
Average Receive Power, each Lane -10.6 4.5 dBm
Receive Power (OMA), each Lane 4.5 dBm
Receiver Sensitivity (OMA), each Lane SEN -8.6 dBm
Stressed Receiver Sensitivity (OMA), each Lane -6.8 dBm 4
Receiver Reflectance RR -26 dB
Difference in Receive Power

between any Two Lanes (OMA)

Prx,diff 5.5 dB
LOS Assert LOSA -18 dBm
LOS Deassert LOSD -15 dBm
LOS Hysteresis LOSH 0. dB
Receiver Electrical 3 dB upper

Cutoff Frequency, each Lane

Fc 31 GHz
Conditions of Stress Receiver Sensitivity Test(Note 5)
Vertical Eye Closure Penalty, each Lane 1.8 dB
Stressed Eye J2 Jitter, each Lane 0.3 UI
Stressed Eye J9 Jitter, each Lane 0.47 UI


  1. Even if the TDP < 1 dB, the OMA min must exceed the minimum value specified here.
  2. See Figure 4 below.
  3. The receiver shall be able to tolerate, without damage, continuous exposure to a modulated optical input signal having this power level on one lane. The receiver does not have to operate correctly at this input power.
  4. Measured with conformance test signal at receiver input for BER = 1×10-12.
Parameter Symbol Min Max Units Notes
  • Vertical eye closure penalty and stressed eye jitter are test conditions for measuring stressed receiver sensitivity. They are not characteristics of the receiver.

Figure 4. Eye Mask Definition
Digital Diagnostic Functions
The following digital diagnostic characteristics are defined over the normal operating conditions unless otherwise specified.

Temperature monitor absolute error DMI_Temp -3 +3 degC Over operating temperature range
Supply voltage monitor absolute error DMI _VCC -0.1 0.1 V Over full operating range
Channel RX power monitor absolute error DMI_RX_Ch -2 2 dB 1
Channel Bias current monitor DMI_Ibias_Ch -10% 10% mA
Channel TX power monitor absolute error DMI_TX_Ch -2 2 dB 1


  1. Due to measurement accuracy of different single mode fibers, there could be an additional +/-1 dB fluctuation, or a +/- 3 dB total accuracy.

Mechanical Dimensions
Figure 5. Mechanical Outlin
This transceiver is specified as ESD threshold 1KV for high speed data pins and 2KV for all others electrical input pins, tested per MIL-STD-883, Method 3015.4 /JESD22-A114-A (HBM). However, normal ESD precautions are still required during the handling of this module. This transceiver is shipped in ESD protective packaging. It should be removed from the packaging and handled only in an ESD protected environment.

Laser Safety
This is a Class 1 Laser Product according to EN 60825-1:2014. This product complies with 21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11 except for deviations pursuant to Laser Notice No. 50, dated (June 24, 2007).

Caution: Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous radiation exposure.